Indian Polity

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 Indian Polity for IAS prelims

  1. Indian Polity Historical Background
  2. Making of Indian Polity & Constitution
  3. Preamble to the constitution of India
  4. The Union & States
  5. Citizenship
  6. Fundamental rights
  7. Directive principle of state policy
  8. Fundamental duties
  9. The President
  10. Prime Minister
  11. Parliament
  12. Council of Ministers
  13. Judiciary
  14. State Executive and Legislature
  15. Commissions
  16. Amendments

Indian Polity for mains paper II

  1. Indian Constitution– historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
  2. Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
  3. Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.
  4. Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries
  5. Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.
  6. Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
  7. Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.
  8. Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.
  9. Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies
  10. Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
  11. Development processes and the development industry the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders
  12. Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and
  13. Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
  14. Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
  15. Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
  16. Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.
  17. Role of civil services in a democracy.
  18. India and its neighbourhood- relations.
  19. Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests
  20. Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian Diaspora.
  21. Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate.